Letters And Testimony


Re: FY 2020 302(b) Allocation for the Legislative Branch

letters and testimony

Re: FY 2020 302(b) Allocation for the Legislative Branch

March 25, 2019

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The following bipartisan coalition letter was organized by Lincoln Network and Demand Progress. Two versions were sent to House and Senate appropriators. Click here for the House version (displayed below). Click here for the Senate version.

Rep. Nita Lowey, Chairwoman
Rep. Kay Granger, Ranking Member
U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Appropriations
The Capitol, Room H-307
Washington, DC 20515

Re: FY 2020 302(b) Allocation for the Legislative Branch

Dear Chairwoman Lowey, Ranking Member Granger, and members of the committee:

On behalf of the undersigned bipartisan group of civil society organizations and individuals, we encourage you to increase the share of funding for the legislative branch as you determine 302(b) allocations for FY 2020. We firmly believe that investing in the legislative branch — which has suffered from a funding deficit and significant loss of institutional capacity in recent decades — is of key importance to the health of our democracy.

To fulfill its constitutional role, Congress needs adequate resources to meet its obligations to lead in federal policymaking, provide services for constituents, and conduct oversight that roots out waste, fraud, abuse, and malfeasance. Unfortunately, Congress struggles to retain expert staff, has undermined its support agencies and oversight capacity, and has delegated significant policymaking work to the administrative state.

The comparative decline in funding for the legislative branch is stark. While overall funds available to appropriators have increased by 10% over the last decade (adjusted for inflation), funds made available to the legislative branch subcommittees have decreased by 7%. The legislative branch — created as the most powerful and democratically accountable of the three branches — received less than 0.36% of the approximately $1.33 trillion available to appropriators.

These underlying trends have precipitated a crisis. If Congress does not invest more in the legislative branch now, it likely will become incapable of serving as a co-equal branch of government in the future. Here are just some of the major challenges at Congress’s doorstep:

  1. Crumbling infrastructure: The Architect of the Capitol has made clear it will cost several billion additional dollars over the upcoming years for building renovations to keep Congress from literally falling apart. This is reflected in the AOC’s FY 2020 budget request, which asks for an additional $98 million. While this is not much compared to the overall federal budget, it is a huge amount for the tiny legislative branch, especially on top of ever-increasing security costs. These infrastructure needs will put an undeniable strain on other legislative branch functions if the appropriations baseline is not increased.

  2. Congressional modernization: There are a number of efforts to make Congress a 21st century institution, starting with the recently enacted Congressional Accountability Act, the House Select Committee on the Modernization of Congress, the appropriation of funds to pay for interns, and the expansion of child care facilities. These are welcome first steps, but they are merely the start of the work that must be done to modernize employee benefits to improve retention, to address cybersecurity needs, to bring congressional information technology up to date, to better distribute the workload among a larger base of staff, and to rebuild and improve the legislative support offices and agencies.

  3. Science and technology: Following high-profile hearings with Mark Zuckerberg and other tech CEOs, there has been significant new interest in reversing the decline of congressional policy expertise, especially in the area of science and technology. Indeed, a recent CMF survey of senior staff reported only 6% were “very satisfied” when asked if “Members have adequate time and resources to understand, consider and deliberate policy and legislation.” Innovations in science and technology are a key driver of economic growth. Additional expertise and capacity in this area can help Congress better understand the tradeoffs of different policy approaches and create forward-looking policy frameworks in areas like privacy, cybersecurity, synthetic biology, and artificial intelligence. This capacity can also support the federal government’s responsible use and adoption of these technologies, improving efficiency, and delivering better value for taxpayers.

While the Framers envisioned Congress as the first among three co-equal branches, Congress’s capacity has declined to the point where it cannot fully meet its constitutional duties. It is also facing new challenges that threaten to strain existing resources beyond the breaking point. We therefore urge you help reverse this institutional decline and provide Congress with the resources it needs to serve the interests of the American people.


Zach Graves,
Head of Policy, Lincoln Network

Daniel Schuman
Policy Director, Demand Progress

Bradford Fitch
President and CEO, Congressional Management Foundation

Kevin R Kosar
Vice President of Policy, R Street Institute

Jason Pye
Vice President of Legislative Affairs, FreedomWorks

Berin Szóka
President, TechFreedom

Wayne Brough, Ph.D.
President, Innovation Defense Foundation

Joe Goldman
President, Democracy Fund Voice

Jerry Taylor
President, Niskanen Center

Nuala O'Connor
President & CEO, Center for Democracy & Technology

John Wonderlich

Executive Director, Sunlight Foundation

Kevin Bankston,
Director, New America’s Open Technology Institute

Travis Moore
Founder and Director, TechCongress

Meredith McGehee
Executive Director, Issue One

Kathy Hill
Director, Center for Advanced Governmental Studies at Johns Hopkins University

Joshua Tauberer

Alex Wirth
Co-founder and CEO, Quorum

Matt Glassman
Lecturer, Claremont-McKenna College

Tim LaPira
Associate Professor of Political Science, James Madison University

Jason Briefel
Executive Director, Senior Executives Association

Gladys B. White, Ph.D.
Adjunct Faculty member, Georgetown University

Steve Lenkart
CEO, Government Executives International

Thomas R. Burger
Executive Director, Professional Managers Association

Gavin Baker
Assistant Director of Government Relations, American Library Association

Lorelei Kelly
Founder, Resilient Democracy Coalition; Senior Fellow, Beeck Center on Social Impact and Innovation at Georgetown University

Dennis Aftergut
Co-Chair, Coalition to Preserve, Protect & Defend

Kel McClanahan
Executive Director, National Security Counselors

Soren Dayton
Policy Advocate, Protect Democracy

Noah Bookbinder
Executive Director, Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington

James Jacobs
Librarian, Free Government Information

Sascha Meinrath
Director, X-Lab

Mel Wilson
Senior Manager- Social Justice and Human Rights, National Association of Social Workers

Sue Udry
Executive Director, Defending Rights & Dissent

David Swanson
Campaign Coordinator,

Patrice McDermott
Director, Government Information Watch

Jeff Hauser

Executive Director, Revolving Door Project

Liz Hempowicz

Director of Public Policy , Project On Government Oversight

Louis ClarkExecutive Director, Government Accountability Project

Alan Minsky
Executive Director, Progressive Democrats of America

Christopher Shays
Member of Congress, R-Conn., 1987-2009

Peter Smith
Member of Congress, R-Vt., 1989-1991

Michael P. Forbes
Member of Congress, D-N.Y., 1995-2001

David E. Skaggs
Member of Congress, D-Colo., 1987-99

James Guy Tucker
Member of Congress, D-Ark., 1977-1979

Eva M. Clayton
Member of Congress, D-N.C., 1992-2003

Martha Keys
Member of Congress, D-Kan., 1975-1979

Lawrence Smith
Member of Congress, D-Fla., 1983-1993

Jerry M. Patterson
Member of Congress, D-Calif., 1975-1985

Jim Chapman
Member of Congress, D-Tex., 1985-1997

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